Diagnosis of testicular tumours
The following examinations are performed if a testicular tumour is suspected:
- Physician-patient dialogue
- Clinical examination
- Ultrasound examination of the testicles and the kidneys
- Identification of testicular tumour markers: AFP, β-HCG and LDH
- CT scan (before the surgery if tumour markers are unusual, otherwise after the surgery)
The image on the left shows an irregular testicular tumour surrounded by normal tissue.
In the image on the right, the blood supply is clearly visible as bright serpentine signals.
The images show a testicular tumour metastasis (marked with “M”) in the retroperitoneal lymph nodes at different levels.